Mecanismos de cohesión textual / Mechanisms of textual cohesion: Los conectores ilativos en Espanol / Inferential connectors in Spanish (Verbum) by Isabel. COHERENCIA Y COHESIÓN TEXTUAL ¿Qué es coherencia? ¿Qué es cohesión? Del lat. cohaesum, supino de cohaerēre, estar unido). 1. f. Mecanismos de cohesión textual / Mechanisms of textual cohesion: Los conectores ilativos en Espanol / Inferential connectors in Spanish (Verbum) (Spanish).
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The conclusion that can be drawn from this brief overview of the literature on the returns of European Cohesion policy is straightforward: Have mecanismos de cohesion EU structural policies improved? One of the aspects that the majority of these studies have ignored is that the Euro- pean Cohesion policies are neither monolithical, nor have they remained stable over time.
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One of mecanismos de cohesion key instruments in that learning process have been the regular reports on economic, social and territorial cohesion European Mecanismos de cohesion,a, These reports —commonly known as the Cohesion Reports— are published at more or less regular intervals and contain a combination of a description of the current regional situation with an evaluation of the impact of EU Cohesion policy and of the territorial dimension of other EU and national policies.
In successive Reports the suggestions for changes and improvements have been coming thick and fast.
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The Third Cohesion Report European Commission,for example, put the emphasis on reinforcing the priorities of Cohesion policy, in- cluding strengthening key objectives in the areas of innovation and human mecanismos de cohesion.
It also proposed, among other things, an increase in the quality of the strategies in mecanismos de cohesion to promote a more balanced and sustainable development effort, as well as positing a more limited and better targeted number of key interventions.
It also suggested mecanismos de cohesion series of new future challenges European Commission, The Fifth Cohesion Report European Commission, recommended enforcing strategic planning, increasing, once again, thematic concentration, introducing greater condi- tionality and clearer delivery assistance centres, as well as improving the evaluation, performance and results.
In addition mecanismos de cohesion put forward the need to strengthen governance and enforce partnerships, while creating a simpler system of delivery and incentives European Commission, The best-known of these reports Barca, has put the emphasis on a greater concentration of resources, on conditionalities, a greater attention to the importance of institutions and a better governance system, including the promotion of more innovative and experimental expenditures and the encourage- ment of a learning process.
Mecanismos de cohesion internal EU and associated reports have been a rich source of suggestions for Cohesion Policy innovation, they are by no means the only one.
Independent researchers have also looked for the potential causes which may have affected the returns of the European Cohesion policy.
Crescenzi has signalled one of the core principles of regional policy, the mecanismos de cohesion of concentration or lack of itas a one of the culprits of the lack of clear mecanismos de cohesion returns from intervention. His analysis also reveals that during the two programming periods considered there has been a strengthening of the geographical concentra- tion of intervention, along the lines suggested in successive Cohesion Reports.
Learning processes and economic returns in European Cohesion policy
From a different perspective, Bachtler and Gorzelak have put mecanismos de cohesion three possible explanations of the relatively limited past returns of Cohesion policies.
First of all and along the lines of other studies e. Investment in transport infrastructure may have unleashed mecanismos de cohesion which increased the concentration of economic activity in core at the expense of peripheral areas.
The returns of Cohesion policy may also have mecanismos de cohesion undermined by existing busi- ness support policies Bachtler and Gorzelak, Regional policy has possi- bly had a distortionary effect on the economy, as it aims to attract innovative activities to regions with a low- to middle-skilled labour endowments Midelfart-Knarvik and Overman, Had regional intervention concentrated on activities more in line with the endowments of different territories, as also recommended by successive Cohesion Reports, mecanismos de cohesion effectiveness could have been improved.
Lastly, the meagre returns of European Cohesion Policy could also be a consequence of an inadequate regional institutional capacity Bachtler and Gorzelak, Structural Fund interventions are likely to be more effective in countries with a higher institutional quality and low levels of corruption Ederveen et al.
This implies that, in line with the suggestions of the Barca Reportany improvement in regional institu- tional capacity would lead to a greater effectiveness of Structural Fund expenditure.